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  1. #1
    الصورة الرمزية smart girl
    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    الجنس : أنثى
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    التخصص

    :اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :

    ملفات منوعه للترم الأول - ماجستير


    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    هنا بعض المعلومات التي تخص مواد المستوى التمهيدي - ماجستير

    لدي العديد من الملفات قد يستفيد منها طلبة وطلاب الماجستير خاصه مواد المستوى الأول

    سأقوم بإضافتها في هذا الموضوع وأسأل الله أن ينفعنا بما علمنا
    الأدب

    1-The Volpone by Ben Jonson

    1/ Volpone:
    - He is the play’s protagonist.
    - Volpone’s name means (the fox) in Italian.
    - He is the central figure of the play but not the hero, Because a hero not a thief and completely perfect.
    - He is like a Falcon who feed on died bodies, and gets gifts for free.
    - Volpone, as the name suggests, is a simple dramatic character.
    - He is wealthy rich man with bad morals.
    - He is twister, sneaky and greedy person.
    - He is worshiping his money.
    - He wants to get every thing.
    - He hs no child, therefore, he treats Mosca as his child.
    - Volpone loves to trick people into giving him their most prized possessions.
    - His insatiable desire to trick people is characteristic of the figure of the fool.
    - A rich Venetian nobleman who compounds his wealth by playing faking illness for the purpose of collecting all the impressive “get-will” gifts.

    2/ Mosca:
    - He is Volpone’s assistant and servant.
    - “Mosca” means in Italy “mosquito”.
    - Volpone treats him as his child.
    - He and Volpone would rather live of the wealth of others than do honest work.
    - They had a conflict about that and this conflict destroys them both.
    - He does things for his master.
    - He is incredible resourcefulness.
    - He scheme and plan the tricks for the sake of Volpone.

    3/ Celia:
    - Means in Italy the sky, which is related to heaven.
    - She is the voice of goodness in the play.
    - She is he wife of Corvino.
    - She is extremely beautiful.
    - She is loyal to her husband, even though he treats her horribly.
    - She has a faith in God and sense of honor.
    - He is incredible resourcefulness.
    - She just thinks about obeying her husband.
    - She has self-denial and self-restraint which makes her a foil for Volpone.



    4/Voltore :
    - He is one of the three legacy hunters - the legacy hunters circle around Volpone , giving him gifts in the hope that he will choose them as his heir .
    - He is like all the legacy hunter, named after a carrion-bird.
    - He is the least crass and the least obsessed with seeing Volpone die .
    - He is a lawyer by profession .
    - He is adept in the use of words and in deceit .
    - His preferential status shows in Mosca’s special regards for him .
    - Mosca tries to make sure that Voltore gets enough payment for his services in Act IV .
    - But Voltore comes to regret his actions at the Scrutineo .
    - This regret only comes after he has been denied his inheritance and it seems to stem directly from his resentment at Mosca’s leapfrogging over him on the social ladder .
    - And when Volpone whispers to him that he might still get his inheritance , he stops confessing his lies to the Scrutineo and pretends that he was ‘’possessed ‘ by an evil demon.
    - The verbal irony is that Voltore , in that action reveals his greed.

    2- Julius Caessar by Shakespeare :

    1/Julius Caesar :
    - A great Roman general and senator , returned to Rome after a successful military campaign .
    - His best friend Brutus worries that Caesar may aspire to dictatorship over the Roman republic .
    - Caesar decline the crown several times .
    - While Caesar may not be unduly power – hungry , he does possess his share of flaws .
    - He is unable to separate his public life from his private life .
    - He ignores ill omens and threats against his life , believing himself as eternal as the North star .

    2/ Brutus :
    - He is a supporter of the republic .
    - He is the tragic hero of the play .
    - He believes strongly in a government guided by the votes of senators .
    - He love Caesar as a friend .
    - He opposes the ascension of any single man to the position of dictator , he fears that Caesar aspires to such power .
    - Brutus’s inflexible sense of honor makes it easy for Caesar’s enemies to manipulate him into believing that Caesar must die in order to preserves the republic .
    - He truly believers that Caesar’s death will benefit Rome .
    - Unlike Caesar , Brutus is able to separate completely his public life from his private life .

    3/Antony :
    - He is a friend of Caesar .
    - He claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s death to save his own life .
    - When speaking a funeral oration over Caesar’s body , he persuades the audience to withdraw its support of Brutus and condemn him as a traitor .
    -With tears on his cheeks and Caesar’s will in his hand, Antony engages masterful rhetoric to stir the crowd to revolt against the conspirators .

    3 – The School for Scandal :

    1/ Charles Surface:
    - He is the Protagonist of the drama.
    - An openhearted, easy-going young bachelor man.
    - He is the younger brother of Joseph Surface.
    - He is in Love with Maria and wishes to marry her.
    - At heart, he is a good and generous person.
    - He is always in need of money, he sells his uncle, who is in disguise, the family portraits, since he, as usual, needs money.
    - He wins his old uncle’s heart when he refuses to sell his beloved uncle’s portrait.

    2/Joseph Surface:
    - He is the Antagonists of the drama.
    - He is a Hypocritical young man
    - He is young bachelor who pretends to be an honorable gentleman but is really a Hypocritical.
    - He is the older brother of Charles Surface.
    - He is courting the wealthy Maria behind his brother’s back while also flirting with Lady Sneerwell and trying to seduce Mrs. Teazle
    - He plots with Lady Sneerwell to break up Charles and Maria.
    - When Joseph refuses to help his disguised uncle, his true nature is revealed.
    - He is artful, selfish, and malicious.
    - Joseph lacks the qualities of truth, gratitude, and charity.
    - Meanwhile, Joseph’s hypocritical nature is revealed when Lady Teazle confesses to her husband that Joseph was
    attempting to seduce her.

    3/ Sir Peter Teazle:

    - A neighbor of Lady Sneerwell, Sir Peter is also the guardian of Joseph and Charles Surface.
    - Sir Peter was an older bachelor married to a much younger country wife .
    - OR\ a wealthy man who married, somewhat late in life, a woman much younger than himself.
    - She is making his life miserable with her extravagances and her friends.
    - But he loves his wife, although his friends sneer at him for letting her take advantage of him.
    - Although Sir Peter has always favored Joseph (he even suspects Charles of trying to seduce Lady Teazle),
    - Eventually, Sir Peter approves of the marriage of his ward, Maria, to Charles.
    - He was always concerned about his wife’s faithfulness, and he has only himself to blame.
    - But he did not keep her away of London society life.
    - He is far more prepared to trust her virtue and her good sense.
    - His basic approach is to win her with kindness; instead of punishing her.
    - In addition Sir Peter is the man who is always wrong in his judgment of the brothers.
    - In Sum, his character is changed from the traditional suspicious old man into a something far more commendable.

    4/Lady Teazle:
    - A country young woman who marries an old rich man.
    - She is a very charming, lovely young woman who has taken her place in London society.
    - She is so exited about the city life, cloths, visiting and gossip.
    - Joseph Surfer had seduces her.
    - She was flattered by the attention of a worldly and handsome young man.
    - But she is not naïve enough to succumb.

    4- W. B. Yeat’s At the Hawk’s Well :
    * The Old man :

    - The Old Man narrating the beginning of the play.
    - The Old Man is "out of fashion" and “out of date “ , insignificant in the modern era .
    - He cannot keep up with "fashion" as he is made of "antiquated romantic stuff" .
    - The Old Man makes it clear that his age makes him insignificant .

    - He is knowledgeable about cultural ideals that are no longer considered relevant nor realistic.

    - He has wasted his life waiting for a chance to imbibe eternal life, and scorns his fate;
    5- All my sons :

    1- Joe Keller :

    - Middle aged and prosperous , Joe Keller is a family man .
    - His world doesn’t extend beyond the borders of his front yard or the gate around his factory .
    - He is not a greedy , but rather a good –natured and loving man of little education .
    - The myopic perspective on his world stems from a devotion to his family and an education in a society .

    2/ Kate Keller(Mother) :
    - She has a successful husband and a loving son .
    - Mother cannot abandon the memory of her other son , who was lost in the war .
    - Her delusions about Larry’s disappearance are symptomatic of grater issues than just a grief –stricken mother’s inability to cope with the loss of a child .
    - Nervous and suspicious , Mother has taken on the burden of her husband’s secret , while he presents the face of an untroubled conscience to the world .
    - Her fantasies about Larry are constructed from a sense of self-preservation .


    3/ Chris Keller :
    - Returning from the war as a hero , Chris found the day –to-day provincialism of his old life stifling .
    - But he is a family man , and devoted to his parents.
    - He is uncomfortable with the success his father’s business found during the war , when so many of his comrades dies pointlessly .
    - He redirects his discomfort into an idealism and an attitude of social awareness that is foreign to his family environment .
    - Other perceive Chris’s idealism as oppressive , asking sacrifices of others that Chris himself does not make as he lives comfortably on his father’s dime .

    · W. B. Yeat’s At the Hawk’s Well :

    - The Old man

    - The Old Man narrating the beginning of the play.
    - The Old Man is "out of fashion" and “out of date “ , insignificant in the modern era .
    - He cannot keep up with "fashion" as he is made of "antiquated romantic stuff" .

    - The Old Man makes it clear that his age makes him insignificant .

    - He is knowledgeable about cultural ideals that are no longer considered relevant nor realistic.

    - He has wasted his life waiting for a chance to imbibe eternal life, and scorns his fate;

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  2. #2

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    Civil Service and Corruption
    No longer at ease ‘’ means no more comfort . It is a well – known novel by Chinua Achebe , one of the greatest novelists in Nigeria . The central character is Obi Okonkwo . His name means the mind at rest but actually this is ironic because he is very active . He is a young man , about 26 years old , who returns to Nigeria after studying for 4 years at a University in England . He was given a scholarship to study law but he studied English instead . After his return and getting a job , he was offered many bribes . One of Achebe’s main socio-political criticism in this novel is of corruption in Nigeria . He takes us through the path of how someone like Obi Okonkwo come to take bribes .
    Obi Okonkwo who believes strongly that education is the key to ending corruption has come to be charged with accepting a bribe . He thinks that by not taking a bribe he can make a difference . It is clear in this novel that men offer money and women offer their bodies , in return for favors and services . To change this Okonkwo wrote a paper while he was at the university in London , on what would change the corruption of high position in Nigeria . He believes that the ‘’old Africans” at the top of civil service position have to be replaced by a younger generation of educated university graduates , like himself . In fact , Okonkwo’s position is a difficult one . He lost his love , his parents reject his choice because Clara is an osa . His mother tells him that if he insists on marrying Clara , he must wail until she is dead because if he marries Clara while she is alive , she will kill herself . He also suffered under financial distress and the death of his mother. After the death of his mother people might think that he does not care about her , but the truth is that he is sad and feels terrible and guilt . All of these bring the protagonist of the novel to fall into what he once believed was terrible and corrupt act . He awake from this unrest with a new sense of calm , he changes . He feels like a new man and at this point he takes his first bribe .

    · In order to take a job or a scholarship , bribery seems to be necessary step . by beginning in the end Okonkwo was doomed from the start . He is born in Ibo but he has been educated in England and feels himself a stranger when he comes back to his country . When he caught even when he feels guilt , Achebe illustrates the hypocrisy of all who have participated in bribes and now throw stones at Obi . At the same time this tells us that although he got caught , Obi is still a pioneer because he promise not to take bribes again . Bribes is actually one of the aspects of corruption in the Nigerian society . In other words , it is the author's critical voice that will lead others out of such corruption, if not by only making the world and younger generations of Nigerians aware of it.
    Obi allows this acceptance of bribes to become habitual. He continues to take bribes until the end of the novel, when Obi decides he cannot stand it anymore. He has paid off all of his debts and can no longer be a part of the corruption. It is at this moment, however, when he has taken his last bribe, that he is caught, which brings us back to the beginning of the novel. When he is attending his trial in the court

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  3. #3

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    1)Contrast Marlow’s poem “The Passionate Shepherd to his Love “ with Raleigh’s one “ The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd “ : ?
    Answer :
    The most obvious point of both comparison and contrast between the two works is Marlow’s “The Passionate Shepherd” is an invitation and poses a question while Raleigh’s “ The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” is an answer to the proposal .
    Marlow’s poem which was written first in a sincere , very old and pastoral style of imaginary educated Shepard wooing his beloved with gifts ( coral clasps and amber studs ) and promises of a luxury rural life . detailed . Nevertheless the poem expresses a real emotion . Another obvious point of contrast for these poems is the speaker's tone--as well as the speakers themselves. Marlowe's speaker is a young shepherd who wants the woman he loves to marry him; Marlowe's speaker is that young woman who gives the shepherd her answer. The tone of the "passionate shepherd" is hopeful and romantic . The young and hopeful shepherd describes how they will spend their days outdoors ,listening to his shepherds play their songs and enjoying the various kinds of beauty found in nature.
    “The passionate shepherd “is a pastoral poem. He says to the young lady, if you like fair weather, simple gifts from nature (beds of flowers, skirts, wool shoes, coral clasps, etc.), then come live with me and be my love. This is a seize the moment poem where he appeals to the girl's sense of living in the present and going for the temporary pleasures that the scenery, sheep, and his attentions in the spring and summer sun can afford her. He never mentions marriage or long-term love.
    The nymph’s reply capitalizes on this. She says, if you could promise that it would last forever...if the summer would be here all year around and your love would never die...then I would be moved. BUT all the things you mention are temporary with no hint of permanent conviction or commitment. Shepherds have "honey tongues" and none of this will last, so why should I come be your love? I can get sweet talk right here where I am, thank you very much. She's not buying what he's trying to sell.
    By contrast, Raleigh's poem is a satire of Marlowe's. Raleigh takes Marlowe's sincere poem, and turns it into a realistic rebuttal of the silliness of pastoral love poetry's promises and images. He explodes the myth of pastoral love. It begins "If all the world and love were young" (Raleigh line 1) it shows how all of the Shepherd's promises are either impossible Raleigh continues this theme, and even gets a little dark at the end of the poem. Not only, Raleigh says, are formal poetry and bucolic love impossible, but "Had joys no date nor age no heed", bringing up the spectra of death. In addition , The tone of the "reply" is, well, not as romantic.
    On the other hand, the two poems are quite similar because the "reply" is a mirror, or perhaps an older, wiser echo of the proposal poem. Notice the two quotes from the poem, above, in which the nymph repeats all of the things he said he will give her. This is true for everything in the shepherd's poem. If he mentions sitting on a rock, the reply also mentions it; if he mentions listening to madrigals, so does she.
    There is no mistaking that "Reply" is connected to and a direct response to "Passionate Shepherd." Despite their containing most of the same elements, it is the tone which most sets these two poems apart. One reflects the innocence and hopefulness of young love while the other expresses the more cynical view that shepherds do not always tell the truth and that seasons will inevitably change.

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  4. #4

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    Narcissism (Self-Love and Self-Admiration) in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray
    Narcissism is a theme major in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray. Both Dorian and Lord Henry exhibit narcissistic tendencies throughout the novel and it could be argued that his narcissism both stems and is encouraged by Lord Henry. However, while Lord Henry may be the cause of Dorian’s narcissism, his narcissism is far less destructive than Dorian’s. Lord Henry’s narcissism stems from his obsession with youth, beauty, wit, and intelligence, much like Oscar Wilde. It could be argued that Lord Henry is modeled after Wilde himself, as he is both witty and charming, and becomes a sort of mentor to Dorian much like Wilde. In chapter one Lord Henry defines his narcissism through his statement:
    “I make a great difference between people. I choose my friends for their good looks, my acquaintances for their good characters, and my enemies for their good intellect…They are all men of some intellectual power, and consequently they all appreciate me. Is that very vain of me? I think it is rather vain.”
    Lord Henry surrounds himself with beautiful and intelligent people, much like Wilde did, and values these characteristics over everything else, also like Wilde. It is easy to see how Wilde wrote himself into this character.
    Dorian’s narcissism is the ultimate cause of his demise. He is cold-hearted and calculating, and only cares about himself. He is very much modeled after Narcissus, the character in Greek mythology that the term “narcissism” is derived from. Dorian is both young and beautiful, traits that were highly valued by Victorian society, though he doesn’t seem aware of his beauty until after he sees his portrait painted by Basil when “the sense of his own beauty came on him like a revelation. He had never felt it before.” After he becomes aware of his beauty he uses it to his advantage, through the help and encouragement of Lord Henry.
    Further similarities between Dorian and Narcissus exist in his relationship with actress, Sybil Vane. Sybil is comparable to the mountain nymph, Echo, who falls deeply in love with Narcissus. When Echo finally reveals herself to Narcissus, he rejects her and sends her away. She spends the rest of her life in solitude and until nothing but an echo remains. Similarly, Sybil “reveals herself” to Dorian through her confession of love by saying:
    “You had brought me something higher, something of which all art is but a reflection. You had made me understand what love really is. My love! my love! Prince Charming! Prince of life! I have grown sick of shadows. You are more to me than all art can ever be.”


    However, once Sybil confesses her love to Dorian he rejects her. His response to her confession of love is:
    “you have killed my love. You used to stir my imagination. Now you don’t even stir my curiosity. You simply produce no effect. I loved you because you were marvelous, because you had genius and intellect, because you realized the dreams of great poets and gave shape and substance to the shadows of art. You have thrown it all away. You are shallow and stupid. My God! how mad I was to love you! What a fool I have been! You are nothing to me now…What are you now? A third-rate actress with a pretty face.”
    While Dorian differs from Narcissus in that he at one point did love Sybil, his love is based off shallow traits; her intellect, beauty, and genius. Dorian’s rejection leads Sybil to commit suicide, similar to Echo who fades into nothingness.
    In the myth, Nemesis, the goddess of revenge, hears of Narcissus’ cold-hearted rejection of Echo and decides to punish him. His punishment is that he falls in love with his own reflection, that he sees in a pool. Narcissus eventually kills himself because he cannot obtain the object of his desire. Similarly, Dorian is obsessed with his portrait, one could argue that he is in love with the image of himself, as he constantly looks at it and checks on it; as the image begins to deteriorate Dorian begins to despair and attempts to be “good” in order to reverse the deterioration. When his attempts to be good do not alter the portrait he tries to destroy it, ultimately killing himself. Like Narcissus, Dorian’s obsession with the image of himself is the cause of his death, as well as the death of Sybil.

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  5. #5

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    All My Sons' Quotations
    2- "All right, but... don't think like that. Because what the hell did I work for? That's only for you, Chris, the whole shoot in' match is for you! (15)."
    This is a part of conversation between Joe and his son which is taken from Arthur miller`s "All My Sons' "Act 1. Joe utters these words, after his son Chris warned to move away and leave the family business, if his parents will not accept his marriage to Ann. Joe is extremely shocked and tries to convince him not to move anywhere and remind him with the "family business". He is deeply horrified as he sacrificed everything, including his moral conscious, to the business he has built up, with aim of passing it on to his sons.
    Don’t let the business go because it is only for you. He wanted to make sure that his son would continue it and it remain running. This discussions shows the strength of love relationship between Chris and Anne. In the name of love, Chris willing to sacrifice his strong love to his dad and his business behind him, and leave everything only to be with her. At the same time, Keller really did love his son and worries too much about his business. Keller as family man, strongly believes that the family is like a unit that can't be corrupted and damaged for any reason.

    5- “Chris, I want you to use what I made for you … I mean, with joy, Chris, without shame … with joy…. Because sometimes I think you’re … ashamed of the money…. Because it’s good money, there’s nothing wrong with the money.”
    This quote is taken from Miller's play All My Sons. The speaker in this quote, Joe, has just heard that George Deever has been to visit his father, Steve, in prison. This makes him worry that his secret may be revealed. The secret that he was responsible for the faulty airplane parts crime and not Steve. He is asserted that there is nothing wrong with his money which seems defensive and raises the audience’s expectation that Joe is deceiving himself and others. We can say that he did it for his family.

    9- "Mother: Your brother's alive, darling, because if he's dead, your father killed him. Do you understand me now?" (2.519)
    This quote is taken from Arthur Miller's play All My Sons. The speaker is the mother Kate in which she says this to Chris, her younger son. She believes that her older son, Larry, is alive and he cannot marry his girl. In this statement, she sums up why she has been deceiving herself and trying to convince others that Larry is alive. She cannot bear the thought that he might be dead, because she cannot face that Joe is responsible for Larry’s death. The logic is as follows: if Chris marries Ann, who is Larry’s girl, then Larry must be dead, in which case Joe killed him.

    10- “Sure, he was my son. But I think to him they were all my sons. And I guess they were, I guess they were.”
    This quote is taken from Arthur Miller' play All My Sons. It is said by the father, Joe, after he has heard Chris read Larry’s final letter which he send to Ann. Larry writes that he cannot live knowing that his father has committed the crime of causing the deaths of the pilots and is going to commit suicide. Joe goes to put his jacket on in order to go to the police and confess, but Kate tries to stop him, saying that Larry was Joe’s son, and he would not have wanted this. Finally, after years of justifying his wrong action by telling himself that he did it for the sake of his sons, Joe recognizes that he also had a wider responsibility, to the airmen who died due to his crime: “they were all my sons.” The tension between personal responsibility and a wider social responsibility that drives the play is resolved in this realization by Joe.

    ·

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  6. #6

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    Robinson Crusoe
    Robinson Crusoe is a fictional spiritual autobiography. While he is no flashy hero or grand epic adventurer, Robinson Crusoe displays character traits that have won him the approval of generations of readers. Yet, throughout the novel it becomes clear that there are some negative sides in his character.
    In the very beginning of the novel, Robinson Crusoe has been showed as a rebellious son. We begin the novel with Crusoe's rebellion. The narrator of the story, Crusoe sets sail at nineteen years of age, despite his father's demand that he stay at home and be content with his "middle station" in life. Crusoe disobeys his father and agrees to sail to the Guinea Coast to trade for slaves, but when a terrible storm blows up, he is marooned on an island, alone. He spends 35 years there, and his time on the island forms the basis of the novel. This has been regarded as a kind of punishment for his father’s request and also for being not satisfied with his current life.
    Crusoe seems incapable of deep feelings, as shown by his cold account of leaving his family. He worries about the religious consequences of disobeying his father, but never displays any emotion about leaving. Though he is generous toward people, as when he gives gifts to his sisters and the captain, Crusoe reveals very little tender or sincere affection in his dealings with them. When Crusoe tells us that he has gotten married and that his wife has died all within the same sentence, his indifference to her seems almost cruel. Moreover, as an individual personality, Crusoe is rather dull. His precise and deadpan style of narration works well for recounting the process of canoe building, but it tends to drain the excitement from events that should be thrilling. Action-packed scenes like the conquest of the cannibals become quite humdrum when Crusoe narrates them, giving us a detailed inventory of the cannibals in list form, for example. His insistence on dating events makes sense to a point, but it ultimately ends up seeming obsessive and irrelevant when he tells us the date on which he grinds his tools but neglects to tell us the date of a very important event like meeting Friday. Perhaps his impulse to record facts carefully is not a survival skill, but an irritating sign of his neurosis.
    Finally, while not boasting of heroism, Crusoe is nonetheless very interested in possessions, power, and prestige. When he first calls himself king of the island it seems jocund, but when he describes the Spaniard as his subject we must take his royal delusion seriously, since it seems he really does consider himself king. His teaching Friday to call him “Master,” even before teaching him the words for “yes” or “no,” seems obnoxious even under the racist standards of the day, as if Crusoe needs to hear the ego-boosting word spoken as soon as possible. In conclusion, these vices are social, and his urge to subjugate others is highly objectionable. In showing some negative sides in the character of Crusoe, Defoe gives us a fascinating glimpse into the successes, failures, and contradictions of modern man.

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ
  7. #7

    الصورة الرمزية smart girl

    تاريخ التسجيل : Jan 2008
    عدد الكتب في مكتبتي : 0
    الجنس : أنثى
    معدل تقييم المستوى : 9
    التقييم : 50

    بياناتى الأكاديمية

    نظام الدراسة

    :

    التخصص

    : اللغة الانجليزيه

    الكلية

    : كلية اللغات والترجمة

    المستوى

    : خرّيج

    التفاعل

    مواضيعى

    : 17

    مشاركاتى

    : 17

    مقالات المدونة :


    Metaphysical :
    The metaphysical term in poetry relating especially to the early 17th century , that is highly intellectual , philosophical and marked by remarkable imagery . It also can be poetry that is associated to religion and strange ideas , which depends on far fetched images . In metaphysical poetry the reader would be read about unusual images that he never thought about . The two famous metaphysical poets who drawn readers’ attention and wrote stunning poems are John Donne and Herbert . Here in this essay ‘’ Forbidden Mourning “ by Donne , “ The Altar “ and “ Pulley “ by Herbert would be discussed .
    In “ Forbidden Mourning “ By Donne , there are several metaphysical images . The first image is about virtuous man on his deathbed , and people are arguing he will die , live . It an example of body and soul . He is not afraid of death . He just want to go unnoticed because he is a man of virtuous . The speaker in the poem asks his beloved to separate easily like the man’s soul . He is also asks her not to weep nor to cry because they are special and different from any other people . (( They are metaphysical )) Actually , the poem is full of metaphysical images but my focus here is on the one above and on a melting candle , which melts without being notice or hurt . It melts silently . According to the speaker it is wrong to tell other people about his love . It is too private as a secret . He also think that other people are human and just he and his beloved are supper human . He want himself and his beloved to get away without tears and saying goodbye without sadness .
    “The Altar” by Herbert also describes unusual and wonderful images . The alter means a poem which gives a shape of things that describe . The altar is a prayer set in poetry and the dramatic situation presented involves the person of the poet offering his broken self to God . His heart is the altar . It involves the submission of brokenness. The brokenness is the only thing that the persona has and it is that quality he would be laying on the altar as an offering . And whenever he keep silence and want to stop to make a rest , his heart will not stop praising God .
    The third poem which filled of metaphysical images is ‘’ The Pulley ‘’ by Herbert . The title itself is a metaphysical one . The pulley seems an effective image for suggesting the way God encourages man’s movement toward Him . The wheel and axle of the pulley system is the highest gift of “rest” by God . The powerful metaphorical image is the one of pulley which going into the glass and bringing up each jewel that God gives man . The rest stays on the bottom of the glass and only through a good relationship with God , a man can be in rest . Herbert cleverly used another metaphor image , the hand of God becomes the pulley to hold a man to Him . Like a loving father who always watches over his children . In fact thee is no relation between the title of the poem and the actual phrasing of the verses . But Herbert encouraged his reader to use their given gift of reason to find a relevant between the pulley and the poem meaning . He tried to pull them closer to God .

    عرض التوقيع
    عِنْدَمَآْ يُحِيْطُ بِكَ آإَلإحْبَآطْ .. وَيَدْفَعُكَ آلْعَآِلْمْ لِـ تَسْقُطُ !
    آإِغْتَنَّمْ آلِفَرِصَّة لِـ تَسْجُدَ
    وَتَدْعُوَ آَلِلَّهُ أَنْ يُمَنْحَكِ كُلَّ مَآَ تَرْغَبُ

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